The worldwide obsession with celebrities spawns one of the most fascinating and feared by-products of pop culture paparazzi. Paparazzi are photographers who tirelessly hunt celebrities, public figures and their families for the opportunity to photograph them in candid,unflattering and at times compromising moments. What began as simple "street photography" is now a high-stakes game of cat and mouse that plays out in the everyday lives of the paparazzi's celebrity prey. As our cultures' voracious hunger for celebrity snapshots grows, so do the prices of these photos and the risks paparazzi take to get them. Many ethical, legal and privacy issues arise out of this questionable business.Paparazzi is a plural term (paparazzo is the singular form) for photo- graphers who take candid photographs of celebrities, usually by relentlessly shadowing them in their public and private activities. The term paparazzi is often used in a derogatory manner. Originally, it referred to Italian celebrity photographers who learned that a

paparazzo knows where the target is, photograph. The there are various tactics he or she may use to get a individual paparazzo is only limited by his or her resources, craftiness and nerve. Technically speaking, in order to get the photo free and clear, the paparazzo must get the star out in public, away from a private residence or business. If the star is in a private area, the photo must be taken discreetly from a distance and with the photo- grapher standing on public land. In more extreme cases, some paparazzi have taken photographs from rooftops or tree tops. They have shot private events from rented helicopters or boats. In some


celebrity on the street, the paparazzo gets the opportunity to take the shot. Word formation rules for plurals in the Italian anguage (the -o in singular nouns becomes -i in the plural.) In Hong Kong, paparazzi are sometimes called "puppy teams", either because they "dog" (closely-follow) their subjects. Paparazzi work a lot like private detectives. Each paparazzo calls a network of informers to help keep tabs on celebrity The key for the paparazzo is to get the information and get the shot before other paparazzi do. But hunting stars is just one aspect of this highly competitive industry. Once the

informers Can be people who work in businesses frequented by celebrities, such as restaurants, shops or salons. The paparazzo often pays for this information. In many cases, people who work for the star might be bribed to divulge the whereabouts of their employer. Paparazzi also work with autographers. Autographers basically stalk celebrities, approach them in public places and ask for their autographs. They make their living by selling these autographs to fans and resellers. Paparazzi pay the autographers for information on the celebrity's whereabouts. As an added bonus, when the autographer stops the


cases, if the event is in a sealed building, paparazzi have staged fire alarms or bomb threats to cause an evacua-tion of the building that forces their subjects onto the streets. Is that legal? The answer is no. But with the lucrative nature of the business, legal expenses have become part of operating costs and have contributed significantly to the high price tag on such photographs. **

picture of a movie star throwing a punch was more valuable ; than pictures of stars smiling (celebrity) tantrums are a common entertainment story in the (mass media). It is this antagonistic interaction that is the hallmark of a true paparazzo however, the term is often used more broadly to describe all photographers who take pictures of people of note. Use of the term derives from "Paparazzo", the name of a news photographer character in the Federico Fellini-directed film La Dolce Vita. Paparazzo is a real Italian surname the plural "paparazzi" according to one of the targets. These